Jesus confronted who he was as the Messiah, but also regarding him coming from the line of David in Luke 20:41-44 (NIV), “Then Jesus said to them, Why is it said that the Messiah is the son of David? David himself declares in the Book of Psalms: The Lord is to my Lord: Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet. David calls him Lord, How then can he be his son?” Throughout all of Jesus’s ministry he is noted as the Son of David by the people he encountered. Being called the Son of David directly connects Jesus’s humanity and fulfilment of scripture at the same time. Isaiah prophecies regarding this genealogy, 11:1-5 (NIV) “A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit. The Spirit of the Lord will rest on him-the Spirit of wisdom and of understanding the Spirit of counsel and of might, the Spirit of the knowledge and fear of the Lord—and he will delight in the fear of the Lord. He will not judge by what he sees with his eyes, or decide by what he hears with his ears but with righteousness he will judge the needy, with justice he will give decisions for the poor of the earth. He will strike the earth with the rod of his mouth; with the breath of his lips he will slay the wicked. Righteousness will be his belt and faithfulness the sash around his waist.” Jesus fulfilled many of these prophecies during his earthly ministry and he now continues to carry them out forever and ever.
The gospel of Matthew starts with the linage of Christ from Adam to Mary. The work of God’s hand permeates all throughout the laying of the foundation of his humanity. Matthew is writing to an audience that would have taken the genealogy of Jesus very seriously and Matthew discerns that his audience will connect with Jesus through his humanity and then through faith with his divinity. Jews for Jesus goes further explanation on how the genealogy that is written is important still in the faith of both Jews and Christians alike and the article contrast the linage from Matthew 1:1-17 and Luke 3:23-38. Calvin however leaves us with this important question, “What right have our opponents to deny that he who is Son of man according to the flesh is, with respect to his divine nature, Son of God?” (Institutes 12.6 pg 490)